Veterans are given preference in the eligibility lists of civil service positions in the following order: Disabled Veterans; Veterans; spouses or single parents of Veterans who were killed in action or who died from a service-connected disability incurred during wartime service, provided that the spouse or parent has not remarried.
Veterans who apply for civil service jobs for which there is no exam, and therefore, no list, receive preference over equally qualified non-Veterans. If more than one Veteran qualifies for a position, it is up to the appointing authority to make the choice between or among them. If an authority wants to bypass this law, it has to get the Human Resources Division’s (HRD) approval. HRD’s civil service unit also maintains lists of state agencies with vacancies and will notify interested Veterans of openings.
Open Competitive Exams
Civil service uses a system of absolute Veteran’s preference in which someone qualifying as a veteran who receives 70 points or above on an open competitive exam (including police and firefighter) is immediately placed at the head of the eligibility list. It does not mean that the Veteran automatically gets the job. He or she is just placed at the head of the list and hired when there is a vacancy.
- All types of Veterans have two points added to their scores. They are not placed at the head of the list. There is no exam required for labor service positions. Veterans, whether disabled or not, are placed at the top of the eligibility list. Spouses and single parents of Veterans are placed below Veterans but above all other applicants. Members of the Guard or Reserve who are called to active service and who have taken a civil service test, passed, and are on a current certified list are eligible for protection on their civil service original appointment exams. They must make a request in writing up to one year following their discharge to be continued on or restored to such list for a period of time equal to the time of military service. If a person is on more than one list he or she must request this protection separately for each list.